Ceramic vs metal implants
The development of dental implants was a quantum leap in the field of dentistry, allowing the miracle of fully restoring missing or damaged teeth. For many years titanium was the only material used in dental implants and it is still used in 95% of dental implant surgeries due to the high success rate and long safety record.
Recently a new implant material was introduced providing a non metallic option for those with sensitivities or who simply do not want metal used in their restorations. Zirconium ceramic implants are proving to be as reliable as titanium with the added benefit of being metal-free.
Both titanium and zirconium ceramic implants have advantages and disadvantages that patients should be aware of before choosing their implant material. The question of ceramic vs metal implants requires an in depth conversation with one of our experienced implant specialists at MD Periodontics.
One of the advantages of titanium dental implants is that they have been successfully used for over forty years. The data collected shows titanium implants have a success rate of over 98% a decade after surgery. Many patients have had titanium implants for over 25 years with no complications.
Titanium integrates with bone completely. It is biocompatible and creates a permanent bond. Titanium implants are more versatile than ceramic implants because they can be one piece or two piece systems. For patients with less bone density or other issues, two piece systems allow customization of the implant.
In addition to creating permanent teeth that are affixed to the posts or abutments, titanium implants are used to create removable dentures that snap onto the implants. This method, also called All on One uses only 4 implants which are affixed to custom made dentures and are as solid as permanent teeth.
Concerning the issue of allergies or metal reactions, the medically tested data shows there has not been a reaction to the metal itself. Some patients have allergies to other metals such as nickel and of course are concerned about inserting another metal into their body. For these patients ceramic implants are an alternative.More on titanium implants
Zirconium implants are created in one piece and are a creamy white color. There is no risk of a dark metal color showing at the gum line which can occur with titanium implants. As these implants are ceramic, there is no possibility of heat conductivity nor is there any possibility of corrosion.
The history of usage for zirconium implants is not as lengthy as titanium implants; however, there appears to be as much success in terms of bone integration and longevity as there is with titanium. The only exception is in patients with conditions such as teeth grinding. The ceramic implant may not hold up as well to this type of constant and unusual force.
Patients with concerns about metal exposure can confidently have zirconium implants. These implants provide great strength with no issues of gum irritation as can sometimes occur with titanium implants.More on ceramic implants
Which implant is best?
The answer to that question is best answered by an experienced dentist who is well versed in both types of implant. After a thorough examination, including x-rays to determine bone density, one type of implant may prove to have the best chance of success over another. Ceramic vs metal implants are primarily a matter of personal preference except in very rare circumstances.Schedule your appointment now »